What Is Hard Water and How Does It Damage Plumbing?

Scratchy and faded clothes, spotty dishes, crusty shower heads, and dry skin/hair. Sounds familiar, right? Most of Americans are dealing with this issue in everyday life. So, who is the culprit? Yes, it is Hard Water.

Hard water is formed when a high amount of minerals like calcium and magnesium are present in water. This is a common quality issue that is raised due to naturally occurring elements in water which creates havoc in household chores and potentially damages the plumbing system. And obviously, the hidden damages are graver that is seen in the long term.

Water hardness is measured in gpg (grains per gallon). 3.5gpg is the lowest hardness level anything over 10.5gpg is extremely hard. Limescale is the noticeable sign of water hardness but it isn’t the only indication. Dry hair, brittle nails, chapped skin, clingy laundry, poor soap lathering, low water pressures and spotty kitchen/ bathroom all are indicators. If you use municipal water call them for free reports and testing kits so that you are aware of water quality.

Individuals believe that hard water minerals like calcium, magnesium iron, etc pose a health risk but the fact is it doesn’t. Different studies show that minerals help in the fulfillment of essential nutrients. Long term intake of these minerals has proven to be positively correlated with cardiovascular disease. Thank god these minerals can be taken in other ways without entailing adverse impact on the plumbing system.

Among many plumbing problems, I guess the water heater is the most affected one. They are generally ignored until they develop a thick crust at bottom of the tank. This waste energy and also is a reason for increased utility bills. It shortens the lifespan of the heater gradually degrading it. This leads to overheating and burnout. This is the case with dishwasher, washing machine, and all water-based appliances.

All plumbing system including valves, fixtures, pipes, faucets, sink, bathtubs, seals and washers gets damaged due to hard water.

If you have steel pipelines they are prone to damage but a PVC and Copper pipe takes long to get corroded. This blocks the pipe and hinders water flow causing low water pressure.

This actually sounds scary but many don’t even care what’s going on in the house as they are pretty much used to it. This lands them in plumbing trouble every time and they are frequently diverted towards repairing. The only permanent solution to every problem whether it is plumbing or skin related issues is getting a water softener installed. It is recommended to choose the best according to reviews as there are many variants available in the market.

How water become hard?

Rainwater is pure when it falls from the sky as it flows through the soils it absorbs minerals mainly calcium and magnesium. This is because water is a universal solvent. When this water seeps through rocks it collects minerals and stores underground. This causes water hardness. The more minerals water, the more hardness, and vice versa.

The United Geological Survey measuring of water hardness is in milligrams per liter (calcium carbonate and magnesium). This is as:

  • 0-60mg/L: Soft
  • 61-120mg/L: Moderately Hard
  • 121-180mg/L: Hard
  • Above 181mg/L: Extremely Hard

Testing For Hard Water:

White scales on faucets and plumbing system is a sole indicator of hard water. If you want to do a DIY take a bottle filled with tap water and adds a few drops of soap, shake it well. If it fails to form suds then probably you have hard water. For precise results, you can call a professional or bring a water sample to a laboratory for testing.


Water conditioning as mentioned above is the only way to eradicate home water troubles. These are when you are dealing with mild hard water. But if the water is extremely hard the common and effective solution is a whole house water softener system. They are highly efficient and are designed for the removal of minerals from water to make it soft and usable.

Hope you got your answers. Still, if you have any further queries we are always there to help you.

4 Easy Methods to Purify Your Water At Home

Water is the key to our health in so many ways. Water needs to be purified to reduce the presence of contaminants, such as bacteria and pollutants. Reasons for purification of water are to lower bacteria levels, improve flavour and also cost saving among others. Purification of water is the process by which you remove undesired chemical compounds, organic and inorganic materials and biological contaminants from water to produce drinking water that is pure enough for human consumption. The 4 easy methods to purify water that you can use are; filtration, boiling, distillation and chlorination. You can be sure of pure water for consumption and also industrial work since the methods remove all contaminants leaving the water pure.

  • Filtration is the process you can separate solid matter from liquid matter in this you use a filter whereby the liquid passes through leaving the solid matter in the filter. The liquid that passes through is known as the filtrate. An example of filtration is when sieving tea-extracting tea leaves to be left with tea. Its basics are where solid particles in a liquid substance pass through the filter or perhaps filter paper, and the solid particles get trapped in the filter or filter paper Much preferred since it is cheap and efficient
  • Boiling is also a method you can use to purify water an even its much safer and guaranteed.lt is the process where you heat water to its boiling point, and it starts to change to vapour. When you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, you kill all bacteria, parasites and viruses leaving the water safe for consumption. On the other part boiling may be time-consuming especially when large amounts of water are needed. Below’s a picture of boiling water. After boiling you allow the water to cool and its safe for consumption.
  • In distillation, you first heat water to boiling then you condense the vapour, collect it and then store as purely distilled waterThis is among the oldest methods of purifying water at home. This process removes hardness compounds such as calcium and magnesium.lt also referred to as the process of purification using evaporation of water then condensation with no use of the chemical.
  • In chlorination, you add chlorine to disinfect drinking water and killing the germs and toxic microbes. Chlorine is an oxidising agent and very useful for disinfection. You can use chlorination process to avoid getting affected by waterborne diseases like cholera and typhoid.

In conclusion

Purifying water at home can be simple, easy and safe for human use. It is advisable that before consuming any water, make sure its safe for use. By purifying water at our homes, we make sure we keep our bodies safe from diseases that are caused by water impurities. Drinking safe water is generally the best for our health. You should take measures to ensure that you don’t take water that is not clean or even stored for a more extended period before purifying it first. Purifying of water also makes the water taste and smell good. If you enjoyed the above article, then please like, comment or share.